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Common NICU Diagnoses 

Anemia
Anemia is having too few red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the body.

Apnea and Bradycardia of Prematurity
Pauses in breathing and slowing of a heart rate.

Blood Sugar
In preemies, blood sugar can get too low or too high.

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a form of longer lasting lung disease.

Choanal Atresia
A congenital defect where the back of the nasal passage is blocked, usually by abnormal bony or membranous tissue. It can be unilateral or bilateral.

Congenital Birth Defect
Any medical condition that is present at birth. It can be a result of genetic abnormalities, the intrauterine environment, or unknown factors.

Gastroschisis
A type of abdominal wall defect in which the intestines and sometimes other organs develop outside the fetal abdomen through an opening in the abdominal wall. It is often detected through AFP screening or a detailed fetal ultrasound.

Hernias and Hydroceles
A hernia is a protrusion of bowel from the abdomen into an area where it normally would not be. A hydrocele is a collection of fluid in the scrotal sac.

Hydronephrosis
Dilatation of kidney by urine accumulation

Infant of Diabetic Mother (IDM)
Learn how diabetes can affect a baby in the womb and after birth.

Infants of Mothers with Hypertension or Pre-eclampsia
Hypertension is high blood pressure. Pre-eclampsia is the combination of several factors.

Infection
Babies can get many kinds of infections.

Intra-uterine Growth Retardation/Small for Gestational Age (IUGR/SGA)
Learn how being small can affect a baby during and after birth.

Intraventricular Hemorrhage
Intraventricular hemorrhage means bleeding into the normal fluid spaces within the brain.

Jaundice/Hyperbilirubinemia
Yellow skin in the first few days after birth.

Low Blood Pressure
Babies can have low blood pressure for many reasons.

Omphalocele
An opening in the abdominal wall allows the abdominal contents to herniate through the umbilical cord. The abdominal contents are covered with a membraneous sac. In 50% of the children, the liver, spleen, and bladder are also herniated into the sac.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus
The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel connecting the main vessel leading to the lungs to the main vessel of the body.

Periventricular Leukomalacia
Periventricular leukomalacia is softening of the brain near the ventricles.

Pneumothorax, Pneumomediastinum and Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema
Learn about these issues related to breathing.

Prematurity
Birth before 37 weeks gestation

Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Necrotizing enterocolitis is an inflammation causing injury to the bowel.

Reflux
Reflux is when liquid from the stomach comes back up the esophagus.

Respiratory Distress Syndrome
RDS is the most common lung disease of premature infants.

Retinopathy of Prematurity
Retinopathy of Prematurity is abnormal growth of blood vessels in the baby's eye.

Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn
Transient tachypnea is fast breathing that gradually gets better.

   
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